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Home Final Accounts Trading Account and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet - An Example
 
 

Trading Account and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet - An Example:

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the procedure of Preparing trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet of a business.


The following trial balance have been taken out from the books of XYZ as on 31st December, 2005.

  Dr.
$
Cr.
$
Plant and Machinery 100,000  
Opening stock 60,000  
Purchases 160,000  
Building 170,000  
Carriage inward 3,400  
Carriage outward 5,000  
Wages 32,000  
Sundry debtors 100,000  
Salaries 24,000  
Furniture 36,000  
Trade expense 12,000  
Discount on sales 1,900  
Advertisement 5,000  
Bad debts 1,800  
Drawings 10,000  
Bills receivable 50,000  
Insurance 4,400  
Bank balances 20,000  
Sales   480,000
Interest received   2,000
Sundry creditors   40,000
Bank loan   100,000
Discount on purchases   2,000
Capital   171,500
 

  795,500 795,500
 

Closing stock is valued at $90,000

Required: Prepare the trading and profit and loss account of the business for the year ended 31.12.2005 and a balance sheet as at that date.

XYZ
Trading and Profit and Loss Account
For the year ended 31st, December 2005

             
Opening stock   60,000   Sales 480,000  
Purchases 160,000     Less discount 1,900 478,100
Less discount 2,000 158,000    
 
 
    Closing stock   90,000
Carriage inward   3,400        
Wages   32,000        
Gross profit (transferred to P&L)   314,700        
   
     
    568,100       568,000
   
     
Carriage outward   5,000   Gross profit (transferred to P&L)   314,700
Salaries   24,000   Interest received   2,000
Trade expenses   12,000        
Advertisement   5,000        
Bad debts   1,800        
Insurance   4,400        
Net profit (transferred to capital)   264,500        
   
     
    316,700       316,700
   
     
             

Note: Discount on purchases and discount on sales are deducted from purchases and sales respectively. They may be shown on the credit and debit side of profit and loss account respectively and it will not affect the net profit of the business. The gross profit will be affected if discount is treated so.

XYZ
Balance Sheet
For the year ended 31st, December 2005

           
Assets $   Liabilities   $
Current Assets:     Current Liabilities:    
     Bank balance 20,000        Sundry creditors   40,000
     Bills receivable 50,000        Bank loan   100,000
     Sundry debtors 100,000   Fixed and Long Term:    
     Closing stock 90,000        Capital 171,500  
Fixed Assets:         +Net profit 264,500  
     Furniture 36,000    
 
     Plant and Machinery 100,000       -Drawings 10,000 426,000
     Building 170,000    
 
           
 
     
  566,000       566,000
 
     
           
Definition and Explanation of Final Accounts
Trial Balance - A Starting Point for Final Accounts
Meanings and Sources of Revenue
Direct and Indirect Expenses
Matching Revenue and Expenses
Trading Account
Profit and Loss Account
Difference between Trading Account and Profit and Loss Account
Difference between Gross Profit and Net Profit
Balance Sheet
Difference between Trial Balance and Balance Sheet
Example of Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet

 

 

 

 

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Financial Accounting Topics


  Introduction to Accounting
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Transactions and Accounting Equation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Analysis of Business Transactions
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  Journal, Ledger and Trial Balance
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  Accounting for Bills of Exchange
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  Special Journals
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  Cash Book
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Bank Reconciliation Statement
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Final Accounts
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Work Sheet
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  Capital and Revenue Items
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  Valuation of Inventories
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  Accounts of Non-profit Making Organizations
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  Statement of Cash Flows
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  Accounting Ratios Analysis
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  Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves
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  Accounting Dictionary
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  Financial Calculators
 
 
 
Managerial Accounting Topics

  Financial Statements
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  Cost Volume Profit Relationship
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  Variable Costing System
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  Materials and Inventory Cost Control
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Activity Based Costing System
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Standard Costing and Variance Analysis
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Balanced Scorecard
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Capital Investment Analysis/Capital Budgeting
 
 

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